VERNONIA

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The circumscription of Vernonia adopted here follows that of H. Robinson (1999).

Facts about "VERNONIA"
apex shapeacute + and attenuate +
array architecturecorymbiform + and paniculiform +
base shapecuneate + and rounded-truncate +
blade shapeovate +, elliptic +, lanceolate +, oblanceolate +, spatulate +, linear + and filiform +
bract architecturefoliaceous +
bristle shapesubulate +
chromosome count17 +
corolla colorationpurplish +, pink + and white +
cypsela architecture or shape8-10-ribbed +
cypsela course or shapearcuate +
cypsela external textureglabrous +, strigillose + and hirtellous +
cypsela patternresin-gland-dotted +
cypsela shapecolumnar +
face external texturestrigillose +, tomentose +, to pannose +, glabrate + and glabrous +
face patternresin-gland-dotted + and gland-dotted +
face reliefscabrellous + and pitted +
head architecturepedunculate +
head architecture or shapediscoid +
involucre shapecampanulate +, obconic + and hemispheric +
leaf architecturesessile + and petiolate +
leaf positioncauline +
lobe arrangement or shapelance-linear +
lobe count5 +
lobe variabilityequal +
margin external textureciliolate +
margin shapetoothed + and entire +
pappus durationpersistent +
pappus lengthlonger +
pappus positioninner +
phyllary external texture or internal texturechartaceous +
phyllary shapeouter +, lanceolate +, subulate +, inner + and oblong +
scale shapesubulate + and setiform +
throat shapefunnelform +
tip shaperounded +, acuminate +, subulate + and filiform +
tube lengthlonger +
whole organism architecturerhizomatous +
whole organism life styleperennial +