Taraxacum officinale

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Taraxacum officinale is the most widespread dandelion in temperate North America, though its abundance decreases in the arid south. It is a familiar weed of lawns and roadsides. It is also the species most commonly used for medicinal and culinary purposes (e.g., E. Small and P. M. Catling 1999).

Facts about "Taraxacum officinale"
apex architectureappendaged +
apex architecture or shapehornless +
apex external textureerose-scarious + and callous +
apex prominencepronounced +
apex shapeacuminate +
base shapeattenuate + and cuneate +
beak sizeslender +
blade shapeoblanceolate +, oblong +, obovate + and runcinate +
body shapeoblanceoloid +
bractlet external textureglaucous +
bractlet orientationreflexed +
bractlet shapelanceolate +
chromosome count24 +, 40 +, 16 + and 32 +
cone shapeterete +
corolla colorationyellow + and orange-yellow +
cypsela colorationolivaceous +, olive-brown +, straw-colored + and grayish +
face external textureglabrous + and villous +
face reliefsmooth +, tuberculate + and muricate +
flowering timeearly year roundsummer +, spring +, winter +, fall +, nov +, apr +, dec +, jan +, jun +, oct +, jul +, may +, feb +, aug +, sep +, mar + and summer +
habitatdamp low places +, lawns +, roadsides +, waste grounds + and disturbed banks and shores +
habitat inclinesloped +
habitat moisturewet +
involucre colorationgreen +
leaf orientationhorizontal + and erect +
lobe orientationretrorse +
lobe shapetriangular +, lanceolate +, acute + and long-acuminate +
lobule architecture or courseirregular +
lobule orientationperpendicular + and retrorse +
margin architecture or shapevillous-ciliate +
margin external texturewhite-scarious + and scarious +
margin shapelobed +, lacerate +, toothed + and entire +
pappus colorationwhite + and sordid +
petiole architecturewinged +
phyllary shapelanceolate +
rib shapesharp +
series count2 +
stem colorationpurplish +
stem external textureglabrous + and villous +
stem orientationerect + and ascending +
taproot architecturebranched +
tip colorationgray + and purplish +
tip shapecampanulate +
tooth shapeacute +, acuminate + and obtuse +
whole organism life styleplant +