Difference between revisions of "Cirsium eatonii"

From Botanical Knowledge
Jump to: navigation, search
(Talk)
(Talk)
 
(19 intermediate revisions by the same user not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
 
{{Plant2000
 
{{Plant2000
|array architecture=few-headed,subcapitate,spiciform
+
|apex architecture or shape=spiny
|array orientation=erect
+
|apex orientation=ascending;spreading
|chromosome count=34
+
|apex position=outer
|corolla coloration=white,pink,lavender
+
|apex shape=linear-acicular;entire;plane;spine-tipped
|face external_texture=glabrous,or,abaxial
+
|array architecture=subcapitate;spiciform;racemiform;branched
|head architecture=sessile,short-pedunculate
+
|base orientation=short-appressed
|involucre external_texture=tomentose
+
|blade shape=oblong
|phyllary coloration=green,purplish-tinged
+
|bract shape=spiny-fringed
|phyllary position=outer
+
|branch orientation=ascending
|phyllary prominence=obscured
+
|caudex architecture=taprooted
|spine count=few
+
|collar coloration=stramineous
|spine size=slender
+
|collar variability=differentiated
|stem fragility=stout
+
|corolla coloration=ochroleucous;yellow;lavender;pink;purple
|stem orientation=erect,ascending
+
|cypsela coloration=brown
|trichome architecture=septate,non-septate,septate,non-septate
+
|face architecture=winged-petiolate;sessile
|Flowering time=summer,jun,jul,aug,sep,fall
+
|face arrangement=distributed
 +
|face count=present;many
 +
|face external texture=glabrous;villous;glabrous;villous
 +
|face other=principal
 +
|face position=adaxial;basal;cauline;distal
 +
|face size=reduced;reduced
 +
|head architecture=sessile;short-pedunculate
 +
|head arrangement=crowded
 +
|head orientation=erect;nodding
 +
|involucre coloration=green;suffused with dark-c-purple;purple
 +
|involucre external texture=villous;tomentose
 +
|involucre shape=ovoid;campanulate
 +
|involucre width=wider
 +
|lobe arrangement=spaced;spaced
 +
|lobe arrangement or shape=linear
 +
|margin arrangement=overlapping
 +
|margin shape=undulate;unlobed;spiny-dentate;pinnatifid;lance-oblong;triangular;3-lobed;spiny-dentate
 +
|midvein external texture=arachnoid-tomentose
 +
|phyllary size=subequal
 +
|ridge width=narrow
 +
|stem architecture=simple;branched;branched
 +
|stem external texture=glabrous;villous;tomentose;glabrate
 +
|stem internal texture=fleshy
 +
|stem orientation=erect;ascending
 +
|tip position=exserted
 +
|tooth arrangement=spaced
 +
|trichome architecture=septate;septate;septate;septate;non-septate
 +
|trichome external texture=arachnoid-tomentose
 +
|whole organism life style=perennial
 
}}
 
}}
Variety murdockii grows in the central Rocky Mountains from central Idaho and southern Montana to western Wyoming and northern Colorado. It also grows in the Ruby Mountains of northern Nevada and the Uintah Mountains of northeastern Utah. Considerable variation occurs in quantity and quality of pubescence of the involucres of var. murdockii. In some individuals the pubescence is so dense that it obscures the phyllary bodies whereas in others the individual phyllaries are clearly visible. Most commonly the pubescence consists primarily of septate trichomes, but sometimes finer non-septate trichomes predominate. Both types of trichomes may be present.
+
Cirsium eatonii is a polymorphic species widely distributed in a high elevation archipelago across the central Rocky Mountains and the Intermountain Region. During Pleistocene glacial episodes, the progenitors of this species complex undoubtedly occupied lower elevation sites and likely had more contiguous populations. Post-glacial isolation of these populations in allopatric high elevation sites has allowed them to differentiate to a greater or lesser extent. Prehistoric or recent introgressive hybridization with other thistle species probably has contributed to the diversification of the complex (R. J. Moore and C. Frankton 1965). Several of the races recognized here as varieties have been treated in the past as species (e.g., C. clokeyi, C. peckii). Their current geographic isolation and more or less distinctive features might support such recognition, but application of this approach across the complex would result in a proliferation of microspecies.

Latest revision as of 22:56, 18 February 2014


Cirsium eatonii is a polymorphic species widely distributed in a high elevation archipelago across the central Rocky Mountains and the Intermountain Region. During Pleistocene glacial episodes, the progenitors of this species complex undoubtedly occupied lower elevation sites and likely had more contiguous populations. Post-glacial isolation of these populations in allopatric high elevation sites has allowed them to differentiate to a greater or lesser extent. Prehistoric or recent introgressive hybridization with other thistle species probably has contributed to the diversification of the complex (R. J. Moore and C. Frankton 1965). Several of the races recognized here as varieties have been treated in the past as species (e.g., C. clokeyi, C. peckii). Their current geographic isolation and more or less distinctive features might support such recognition, but application of this approach across the complex would result in a proliferation of microspecies.

Facts about "Cirsium eatonii"
apex architecture or shapespiny +
apex orientationascending + and spreading +
apex positionouter +
apex shapelinear-acicular +, entire +, plane + and spine-tipped +
array architecturesubcapitate +, spiciform +, racemiform + and branched +
base orientationshort-appressed +
blade shapeoblong +
bract shapespiny-fringed +
branch orientationascending +
caudex architecturetaprooted +
collar colorationstramineous +
collar variabilitydifferentiated +
corolla colorationochroleucous +, yellow +, lavender +, pink + and purple +
cypsela colorationbrown +
face architecturewinged-petiolate + and sessile +
face arrangementdistributed +
face countpresent + and many +
face external textureglabrous + and villous +
face otherprincipal +
face positionadaxial +, basal +, cauline + and distal +
face sizereduced +
head architecturesessile + and short-pedunculate +
head arrangementcrowded +
head orientationerect + and nodding +
involucre colorationgreen +, suffused with dark-c-purple + and purple +
involucre external texturevillous + and tomentose +
involucre shapeovoid + and campanulate +
involucre widthwider +
lobe arrangementspaced +
lobe arrangement or shapelinear +
margin arrangementoverlapping +
margin shapeundulate +, unlobed +, spiny-dentate +, pinnatifid +, lance-oblong +, triangular + and 3-lobed +
midvein external texturearachnoid-tomentose +
phyllary sizesubequal +
ridge widthnarrow +
stem architecturesimple + and branched +
stem external textureglabrous +, villous +, tomentose + and glabrate +
stem internal texturefleshy +
stem orientationerect + and ascending +
tip positionexserted +
tooth arrangementspaced +
trichome architectureseptate + and non-septate +
trichome external texturearachnoid-tomentose +
whole organism life styleperennial +