Difference between revisions of "CYNARA"

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|apex architecture or external texture or relief=smooth
 
|apex architecture or external texture or relief=smooth
 
|apex shape=truncate
 
|apex shape=truncate
|appendage orientation=spreading,appressed
+
|appendage orientation=spreading;appressed
 
|appendage shape=oblong
 
|appendage shape=oblong
 
|array architecture=cymiform
 
|array architecture=cymiform
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|array position=terminal
 
|array position=terminal
 
|base orientation=appressed
 
|base orientation=appressed
|base shape=long-sagittate,fringed
+
|base shape=long-sagittate;fringed
|bristle coloration=white,brownish
+
|bristle coloration=white;brownish
 
|bristle count=many
 
|bristle count=many
 
|bristle external texture=stiff
 
|bristle external texture=stiff
 
|chromosome count=34
 
|chromosome count=34
|corolla coloration=white,blue,purple
+
|corolla coloration=white;blue;purple
 
|cypsela architecture or shape=ribbed
 
|cypsela architecture or shape=ribbed
 
|cypsela external texture=glabrous
 
|cypsela external texture=glabrous
|cypsela shape=cylindric,obpyramidal,4-angled,flattened
+
|cypsela shape=cylindric;obpyramidal;4-angled;flattened
 
|face architecture or exudation=glandular
 
|face architecture or exudation=glandular
|face external texture=pilose,gray-tomentose,adaxial,tomentose
+
|face external texture=pilose;gray-tomentose;adaxial;tomentose
 
|floret count=many
 
|floret count=many
 
|head architecture or shape=discoid
 
|head architecture or shape=discoid
|head arrangement=singly,in,few-headed,,,terminal,,,cymiform,arrays
+
|head arrangement=singly;in few-headed , terminal , cymiform arrays
|involucre shape=hemispheric,ovoid
+
|involucre shape=hemispheric;ovoid
 
|involucre size=constricted
 
|involucre size=constricted
|leaf architecture=petiolate,sessile
+
|leaf architecture=petiolate;sessile
|leaf position=basal,cauline
+
|leaf position=basal;cauline
 
|lobe arrangement or shape=linear
 
|lobe arrangement or shape=linear
 
|margin architecture=compound
 
|margin architecture=compound
|margin architecture or shape=spineless,with,slender,to,very,stout,marginal,spines,bractlike
+
|margin architecture or shape=spineless;with slender to very stout marginal spines;bractlike
 
|margin external texture=scarious
 
|margin external texture=scarious
|margin position=cauline,distalmost,inner
+
|margin position=cauline;distalmost;inner
|margin shape=lobed,divided,divided,entire,acute,obtuse,truncate,spine-tipped,spineless
+
|margin shape=lobed;divided;divided;entire;acute;obtuse;truncate;spine-tipped;spineless
 
|margin size=smaller
 
|margin size=smaller
|pappus architecture or shape=plumose,barbed
+
|pappus architecture or shape=plumose;barbed
 
|pappus behaviour=falling
 
|pappus behaviour=falling
 
|pappus fusion=connate
 
|pappus fusion=connate
 
|phyllary count=many
 
|phyllary count=many
 
|phyllary external texture=leathery
 
|phyllary external texture=leathery
|phyllary shape=outer,ovate
+
|phyllary shape=outer;ovate
 
|phyllary size=unequal
 
|phyllary size=unequal
 
|portion fusion=distinct
 
|portion fusion=distinct
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|portion size=minute
 
|portion size=minute
 
|receptacle architecture=epaleate
 
|receptacle architecture=epaleate
|receptacle shape=concave,flat,convex
+
|receptacle shape=concave;flat;convex
 
|scar position=basal
 
|scar position=basal
 
|spine fragility=stout
 
|spine fragility=stout
|stem architecture=simple,branched,leafy
+
|stem architecture=simple;branched;leafy
 
|stem fragility=stout
 
|stem fragility=stout
 
|stem orientation=erect
 
|stem orientation=erect
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|tube size=slender
 
|tube size=slender
 
|whole organism external texture=arachnoid-tomentose
 
|whole organism external texture=arachnoid-tomentose
|whole organism life style=annual,perennial
+
|whole organism life style=annual;perennial
 
|whole organism other=herbage
 
|whole organism other=herbage
|flowering time=may,spring,jun,summer,jul,aug,sep,fall
 
 
}}
 
}}
Most plants referable to Hieracium are apomictic (reproducing from asexually produced seeds). Apomictic reproduction often results in perpetuation of morphologic variants at populational and regional levels. Temptation to name such variants as species has proven irresistible to some botanists; upward of 9,000 species names have been published in Hieracium. Circumscriptions of “species” in Hieracium seem to be more artificial than in most genera of composites. Under these circumstances, I feel it would be irresponsible to recognize any infraspecific taxa here. For the most part, the “species” recognized here are those that have been recognized in local and regional floras of the past 50 or so years. Accepted names and/or changes in synomymies for some species reflect changes suggested by J. H. Beaman (1990), A. Cronquist (1980), and E. G. Voss (1972–1996, vol. 3).
 

Revision as of 14:38, 18 December 2013

Facts about "CYNARA"
apex architecture or external texture or reliefsmooth +
apex shapetruncate +
appendage orientationspreading + and appressed +
appendage shapeoblong +
array architecturecymiform +
array architecture or shapefew-headed +
array positionterminal +
base orientationappressed +
base shapelong-sagittate + and fringed +
bristle colorationwhite + and brownish +
bristle countmany +
bristle external texturestiff +
chromosome count34 +
corolla colorationwhite +, blue + and purple +
cypsela architecture or shaperibbed +
cypsela external textureglabrous +
cypsela shapecylindric +, obpyramidal +, 4-angled + and flattened +
face architecture or exudationglandular +
face external texturepilose +, gray-tomentose +, adaxial + and tomentose +
floret countmany +
head architecture or shapediscoid +
head arrangementsingly + and in few-headed , terminal , cymiform arrays +
involucre shapehemispheric + and ovoid +
involucre sizeconstricted +
leaf architecturepetiolate + and sessile +
leaf positionbasal + and cauline +
lobe arrangement or shapelinear +
margin architecturecompound +
margin architecture or shapespineless +, with slender to very stout marginal spines + and bractlike +
margin external texturescarious +
margin positioncauline +, distalmost + and inner +
margin shapelobed +, divided +, entire +, acute +, obtuse +, truncate +, spine-tipped + and spineless +
margin sizesmaller +
pappus architecture or shapeplumose + and barbed +
pappus behaviourfalling +
pappus fusionconnate +
phyllary countmany +
phyllary external textureleathery +
phyllary shapeouter + and ovate +
phyllary sizeunequal +
portion fusiondistinct +
portion reliefpapillate +
portion shapecylindric +
portion sizeminute +
receptacle architectureepaleate +
receptacle shapeconcave +, flat + and convex +
scar positionbasal +
spine fragilitystout +
stem architecturesimple +, branched + and leafy +
stem fragilitystout +
stem orientationerect +
throat shapecylindric +
throat sizeexpanded +
tube sizeslender +
whole organism external texturearachnoid-tomentose +
whole organism life styleannual + and perennial +
whole organism otherherbage +